Obesity and the Importance of Balanced Nutrition Consumption

Obesity is one health problem that affects the development of disease and quality of life. Obesity linked to risk of cardiovascular complications, such as stroke and coronary heart disease. Obesity also increases the risk of non cardiovascular, diabetes mellitus or diabetes, hyper cholesterol, gallstones, cancer, infertility or difficulty conceiving and arthritis.

In men, obesity increases the risk of colon cancer, rectum and prostate. Whereas in women, obesity can increase the risk of bladder cancer, endometrial and breast, he added. One of the patients experienced complications of obesity are the most common is rheumatoid arthritis (osteoarthritis), especially in the knee joint and ankle.

Balanced nutrition is important at every stage of life. Maternal nutritional status before pregnancy will determine fetal health. If less weight, fetal growth will be less than optimal. When the excess weight, then increase the risk of gestational diabetes and other pregnancy complications. Preparation of pregnancy is often overlooked is, the ideal body weight through balanced nutrition.

Therefore, the current obesity is considered dangerous diseases due to eating the wrong behavior. These health problems classified as chronic and very difficult to overcome. Therefore, early prevention efforts to more easily achieve success when the patient is still in a state of overweight or being overweight. Weight loss safe is 2-5 kilograms per month by reducing fat intake. A Good diet composition is diet with protein (15 percent), carbohydrates (55 percent), and fat (30 percent). So far, the general composition of the diet is protein (15 percent), carbohydrates (45 percent), and fat (40 percent) but the composition is considered less effective for weight loss because fat intake is still high.

Fat content is found in various foods such as milk, cheese, ice cream and butter, meat products such as red meat and chicken, and various kinds of cakes. Several types of fast food have high calorie content.

There are several ways to raise or lose weight. To increase the weight, a person is recommended to eat a balanced nutritious diet, protein needs, and weight training regularly. There are five groups of nutrients contained in foods are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals.
To lose weight, obese, low-calorie diet recommended by nutrition balanced. Proven low-calorie diet can lose weight 10 percent in 6 months. The speed of 0, 5-1, 5 weight pounds per week, consisting of 75 percent fat and 25 percent muscle. In addition to low-calorie diet, those efforts should be accompanied by regular aerobic exercise and enough sleep.

Ideally, treatment of obesity involves two main aspects of diet or eats less and increase energy expenditure through exercise or physical activity. Ability helped by the use of diet drugs. Eating behavior that is expected to be imposed in order to improve until the mindset change eating behavior.

Change of mindset is very important to the success of therapy by giving rewards and sanctions. If the program is followed properly, the patient received an award in the form of a sense of comfort and successfully loses weight. If not disciplined, he experienced something unpleasant. Patients also need help, such as medicines, nutritional counseling, behavior modification, acupuncture, hypnotherapy, and all the ways to enhance the willingness of therapy without adverse health.

To balance calorie intake with expenditure, it is necessary to control muscle activity. Weight loss will lead to positive changes in cardiovascular function, respiration, metabolism, and general health effects.

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